What is Magnesium Boride MgB2 Powder?

Europe's largest economy, Germany, recently activated an emergency plan to manage gas supplies that the natural gas could be rationed if supplies are disrupted or disrupted by a stand-off over Russian demands to pay for fuel in rubles.  

German Vice-Chancellor, minister of economy and climate protection, said Germany's gas supplies were secure for now, but he urged consumers and businesses to reduce consumption, saying "every kilowatt of electricity counts." 

Germany's gas network regulator can ration gas if supplies run short. Plants would be the first to be affected. Special treatment will be provided to private families, hospitals, and other important institutions.  

Half of Germany's 41.5 million households use natural gas for heating, and industry consumption accounts for a third of the country's 100 billion cubic meters of gas demand in 2021.  

The price of many energy and commodities like the MgB2 powder could be affected.


Introduction to Magnesium Boride MgB2 Powder
Magnesium diboride or magnesium boride, chemical formula MgB2, is an ionic compound with a hexagonal crystal structure.
It is an intercalated compound with alternating layers of magnesium and boron. The magnesium atomic layer has a triangular structure, and the boron atomic layer has a regular hexagonal honeycomb structure, which is similar to graphite.
Magnesium diboride is a hard and brittle substance with poor ductility.
 

Superconductivity of Magnesium Diboride MgB2 Powder
Researchers discovered in 2001 that the seemingly unremarkable magnesium boride turns into a superconductor at temperatures slightly closer to the absolute temperature of 40K (-233 ° C). Its transition temperature is almost twice that of other similar superconductors, and its actual operating temperature is 20 to 30K. The temperature can be cooled by liquid neon, liquid hydrogen, or a closed circulating freezer. These methods are simple and cost-effective compared to industrial cooling of niobium alloys (4K) with liquid helium.
Once doped with carbon or other impurities, magnesium boride is even better than niobium alloys at maintaining superconductivity in the presence of a magnetic field or current. Potential applications include superconducting magnets, power transmission lines, and sensitive magnetic field detectors.
 

Magnesium Boride MgB2 Powder Properties
Other Names magnesium boride powder, MgB2
CAS No. 12007-25-9
Compound Formula MgB2
Molecular Weight 45.927
Appearance gray to black powder
Melting Point 830°C
Boiling Point N/A
Density 2.57g/cm3
Solubility in H2O N/A
Exact Mass 46.003653

 

Magnesium Diboride MgB2 Powder CAS 12007-25-9
 

 
Applications of Magnesium Boride MgB2 Powder
Superconductors:
Superconducting properties and low cost make magnesium diboride attractive in a variety of applications. For these applications, MgB2 powder is compressed into the wire with silver metal (or 316 stainless steel), sometimes through a powder in tube process to make tapes.
Thin coatings can be used in superconducting rf cavities to minimize energy loss and reduce the inefficiency of liquid helium cooling niobium cavities. 
Due to the low cost of its components, MgB2 is expected to be used in superconducting medium and low field magnets, motors and generators, fault current limiters and current leads.
 
Propellants, explosives, fireworks: 
Unlike the element boron, which burns incompletely through a glassy oxide layer that impedes oxygen diffusion, magnesium diboride burns completely when ignited in oxygen or in a mixture with an oxidant. Therefore, magnesium boride has been proposed as a ramjet fuel. In addition, the use of MgB2 in explosive-enhanced explosives and propellants has been proposed for the same reason. It was recently demonstrated that decoy flares containing magnesium diboride/PTFE/FLUORO rubber improved spectral efficiency by 30-60% compared to classic magnesium/Teflon/fluororubber (MTV) payloads. The application of magnesium diboride in rocket propulsion was also studied, where the compound was mixed in paraffin fuel particles to improve mechanical properties and combustion characteristics.
 

Main Supplier of Magnesium Boride MgB2 Powder
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials, including silicon powder, nitride powder, graphite powder, zinc sulfide, calcium nitride, 3D printing powder, etc.
If you are looking for high-quality magnesium boride MgB2 powder, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. ([email protected])

 

Southern Copper Corp (SCCO.N) recently said its Peruvian mine remained closed after a six-week standoff with protesters and blamed the Peruvian government for failing to intervene in the safety of its 1,300 workers and their families.  

The company said in a statement that a recent agreement to end protests at the Cuajone mine required the company to withdraw complaints against protest leaders because railways transporting minerals and supplies remained blocked. Production has been suspended since the end of February.  

Peru's Energy Ministry said in a separate statement that it had also reached an agreement with Southern Copper to start talks to find common ground with local communities.  

"If we shut down for a year, the government will stop receiving more than 3.1 billion soles ($830 million) in taxes and royalties, and 8,000 direct and indirect jobs will be lost. This is what we want to avoid, "Southern Copper added in the statement.

Peru has faced a wave of protests from indigenous communities, who accuse mining companies of not providing enough jobs and funding to poor local residents.  

Central bank officials said last week that protests against copper mines such as MMG's Las Bambas and Southern Copper's Cuajone were dragging down the economy.  

Peru is the world's second-largest copper producer and mining is an important source of tax revenue for the country. It is estimated that the supply and prices of the MgB2 powder will be influenced by that.

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