Zirconia Ceramics Properties and Uses

This is what zirconia porcelain looks like.

Zirconia ZrO2 can be described as the crystalline oxide in zirconium. Its color ranges from white to black and occurs most often in monoclinic structures. Zirconia, one of its most important materials, is very popular.

Zirconia (a form of ceramic material) is used for several purposes.

This structure of zirconia contains metal atoms and raises the question about whether it is ceramic. This allows zirconia combine the high strength of metals and the biocompatibility that ceramics offer.

Most common zirconia grades

Yttria sanitized zirconia (Y–PSZ)

Youtria partially stabilized zirconia, or Y-PSZ (Yttria partial stabilized Zirconia) can be doped with the yttriumoxide(Y2O3) stabilizer. This stabilizer will enhance the inner grain structure of the material and transform it from monoclinic towards tetragonal. It is a form of fine grain material which has the highest possible bending force of all ceramics. It's very resistant to impact and wear as well as having low thermal conductivity. These characteristics make it a good substitute for most metals. The materials toughness is due to the addition of ytrium oxide (Yttria). A material that is under stress will have a crystal structure change from monoclinic or tetragonal, leading to an increase in its highly localized volumes of about 3-5%. By increasing the volume, cracks shrink, reducing their potential to grow or propagate. This property is responsible for the high flexibility and low sensitivity of the material to stress fatigue.

Magnesium or partially stabilised zirconia.

Zirconia that has been doped with magnesium dioxide (MgO), may also cause compression in the internal matrix. However this structure can be described as cubic. M-PSZ does not experience phase migration, so it has better resistance to heat and humidity. M-PSZ maintains its strength, even under high temperature and humidity conditions.

Zirconia Ceramics Properties

High density, up to 6.1g/cm3.

Very high bending resistance and hardness.

Outstanding fracture toughness-impact resistance.

Maximum operating temperature:

Resistance to Wear.

Reliable friction.


The thermal conductivity is low at around. 10% alumina.

Anti-corrosion and Acid Resistance

Similarity to the elastic module of steel.

Thermal expansion coefficient similar to iron.

Zirconia Ceramics Uses

Wire forming / drawing die.

Insulate Ring for Heat Treatment.

Precision axles for high wear conditions and axles that can withstand extreme temperatures.

Furnace processing tube.

Wear-resistant pad.

Protective Tube for Thermocouple.

Sandblasting nozzle.

Refractory material.

Extrusion die.

Bushing and Cap.

Kiln Furniture Crucible.

Optical fiber bushing.

Knives or blades.

Car parts for fuel cells.

Bearings or rollers.

Welding pins and nozzles.

Laser parts.

Gas igniter.

Ceramic guide.

Oxygen sensor.

Surgical and medical components.

Mechanical Seal.

Liners, pumps, pistons

Zirconia-ceramics Processing

Zirconia can be transformed into complex geometric shapes easily using its raw blanks. The material's main body shrinks by approximately 20% because of the required sintering procedure to make it fully dense. These shrinkages make it impossible for pre-sintering to be within very precise tolerances.

When processing/grinding completely sintered materials, the use of diamond tools is essential to meet very tight tolerances. The diamond coated grinding wheel / tool is used to cut the material into desired shapes. It can be time-consuming, expensive and difficult due to the hardness and inherent toughness of this material.

Zirconium dioxide Price

The market supply and demand as well industry trends influence price.

To get the latest price on zirconia powder, please send us an enquiry. (sales1@rboschco.com)

Zirconium dioxide Supplier

RBOSCHCO is a trusted global chemical material supplier&manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and nanomaterials. We export to several countries such as Canada, Europe. UAE. South Africa. Tanzania. Kenya. Nigeria. Cameroon. Uganda. Turkey. Mexico. Azerbaijan. Belgium. Cyprus. Czech Republic. Brazil. Chile. Dubai. Japan. Korea. Vietnam. Thailand. Malaysia. Indonesia. Australia. Germany. France. Italy. Portugal.

RBOSCHCO has established itself as the leading manufacturer in nanotechnology. Our expert team can provide solutions that will improve the efficiency of different industries, add value and help you overcome various obstacles.

For Zirconium dioxide powder inquiries, send an email. (sales1@rboschco.com)

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