Analysts at JPMorgan recommended selling or "underweight" emerging market local currency sovereign debt because of the global impact of the Ukraine-Russia crisis.
JPMorgan estimated that fixed-income assets in emerging markets have lost 6-9 percent of their value since Russia invaded Ukraine a month ago, with nervousness about the war and its impact on global energy and food prices adding to existing pressures.
Some leading emerging market central banks are signaling that interest rates now need to rise faster than previously expected, which fuels fears of "stagflation". Stagflation means when high inflation and higher interest rates undermine economic growth.
With both the U.S. Federal Reserve and emerging market central banks raising interest rates, JPMorgan also said it made sense to "underweight" emerging market assets by taking advantage of the recent pullback in local currency bond yields relative to TREASURIES.
JPMorgan said major metals exporters such as South Africa, Chile, and Peru could still do well, but warned that emerging market fixed income assets now faced a more "stagflationary" trajectory.
The markets and prices of many commodities, metals, chemicals like the Alloy 718 still face uncertainty.
In the aerospace or petrochemical industries, these important industries are related to the national economy and people's livelihood. The trustworthy Inconel718 is always a frequently mentioned term. Indeed, in the process of using the popular Alloy 718, with the progress of industrial technology and the development of urban economy, this alloy material has been applied to more and more industries, playing an increasingly important role.
Several important steps in the production process of Alloy 718
1. Warm up
Cost-effective Alloy 718 workpieces require the most meticulous surface cleaning before and during heating to keep surfaces clean. Alloy 718 alloy will become very brittle if the heating environment contains phosphorus, lead or other low melting point metals. Impurities come from marking paint, chalk, etc. The sulfur content of fuel should be very low. For example, the impurity content of liquefied gas and natural gas will be less than 0.1%, the sulfur content of city gas should be less than 0.25 grams per cubic meter, and the content of petroleum gas will be less than 0.25 grams per cubic meter. Sulphur content below 0.5 percent is the best effect.
The oxide near the weld of the cost-effective Alloy 718 alloy is more difficult to handle than the stainless steel, so at this time it is necessary to use a fine abrasive belt for grinding, before pickling in a mixed acid of nitric acid and hydrofluoric acid, Also use sandpaper to remove oxides or use a salt bath for reasonable pretreatment.
Machining of reliable Alloy 718 must be carried out after solution treatment, and all aspects must be considered, especially the work hardening of the material, but it is very important that Alloy 718 is more suitable for low surface cutting.
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The current international situation is highly uncertain, and its economic impact has not been able to be assessed properly. In addition, rising energy and commodity prices and supply chain disruptions are expected to push the price of the Alloy 718 higher.
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